Salam develops new know-how to advance sustainable agriculture – thqaftqlm

Salam develops new know-how to advance sustainable agriculture

Abdul Salam takes measurements in a test bed at Purdue University to determine the optimum operating frequency for underground antennas. (Photo courtesy Abdul Salam)

In the present day, the query of tips on how to implement sustainable practices into agriculture has develop into crucial in response to local weather change and environmental issues. One reply, in keeping with Abdul Salam, would be the improvement of an underground community of wi-fi radios, sensors, and antennas.

Salam, assistant professor of pc and knowledge know-how and director of Purdue’s Environmental Networking (ENT), is tackling sustainability challenges head on with interdisciplinary analysis into the Agricultural Web of Issues, or Ag-IoT.

The Ag-IoT is an enormous community of wi-fi objects that may obtain and transmit knowledge by way of the Web. This know-how, reminiscent of subsurface sensing or antennas within the soil, permits farmers to trace the circumstances of their land in real-time. With entry to repeatedly up to date info, water and fertilizer may be utilized precisely when and the place it’s wanted. In flip, the flexibility to carefully monitor soil suggests main steps ahead in agricultural water conservation.

“Placing sensors within the soil has nice promise for serving to farmers use water extra effectively,” Salam stated. “The technique can scale back water demand for irrigation by wherever from 20% to 72% with out hampering every day operations on crop fields.”

Along with controlling irrigation methods, this interconnected framework of units can be utilized to watch environmental circumstances, management farm machines like seed planters, estimate soil nutrient ranges, and even determine pests.

Technologies that together comprise the Agricultural Internet of Things. (Illustration courtesy Abdul Salam)

Wi-fi knowledge assortment does have its challenges, nonetheless, on the subject of really putting in these units into the bottom. Researchers at Purdue’s ENT lab have discovered that soil moisture can drastically change the efficiency and sensor knowledge transmission of underground antennas.

“Farmers use heavy gear in fields, so antennas should be buried deep sufficient to keep away from injury. Water within the soil absorbs sign vitality, which weakens the alerts that the system sends,” Salam defined.

In response to this challenge, Salam and different ENT researchers have developed a theoretical mannequin and an antenna that reduces the soil’s affect by altering the operation frequency and system bandwidth. This antenna improves communication distances as much as 5 occasions in comparison with earlier designs, permitting sensors positioned within the high layers of soil to report circumstances to irrigation methods at distances as much as 650 ft (200 meters).

Salam has additionally developed the usage of directional antennas, which might focus sign vitality on any path. Antennas directing vitality towards the air can be utilized for long-range underground communications.

Researchers are persevering with to develop different elements of the Ag-IoT, like cybersecurity and satellite-based community connectivity.

Further info

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top